Reference and Citation Guide

INTRODUCTION AND BASIC RULES

The Journal of Consciousness (JofC) bibliography format consists of two components: 1) in-text citation, and 2) the bibliographic reference.

This Reference Guide informs author of reference style for diverse source material, including less common references, such as interview, online sources, verbal communication, films, and others. Authors should familiarize themselves with each of the entry types below, so as to correctly apply the JofC referencing system.

 1.      In-text Citation

In-text citation is parenthetical or Harvard style citation, consisting of author and date, and is used to give credit to any important idea that does not come from the author of the article, or to reference other works used in crafting the article. For instance, if an idea from an external source comes from author John Doe, the parenthetical reference would go at the end of the sentence as follows:

In Doe’s Guide to Life, many techniques are given for living more conscientiously (Doe, 2007).

If the author is directly mentioned in the text, then only the date need be put in parentheses – for example:

According to Doe… (2007).

In the case of quoting an author directly, the quoted text should be in quotes, with page numbers following:

According to Doe, “the theory of…” (2007, pp. 103-104).

Note that this is the only instance in which page numbers are incorporated within the parenthetical in-text citation. In most cases they will be listed within the bibliographic reference section at the end of the document. In the event that page numbers are listed within a quote in-text, they will still also need to be listed in the bibliographic reference section.

 2.      Bibliographic Reference

The bibliographic format for the JofC has its unique referencing system, according to specific type of references that are common in conscientiology. It is, nonetheless, loosely based on the Harvard referencing style and the Chicago Manual.

Within the JofC format, the following items of information are generally included in referencing the vast majority of various types of media:

 

  1. Name of author
  2. Year of publication
  3. Title of work
  4. Title of journal or newspaper (if applicable)
  5. Edition number
  6. Publisher (if applicable)
  7. City and country of publication
  8. Date of publication ( Day, Month, if appropriate)
  9. Page numbers.

Please note:

    • For page numbers, the abbreviation “p.” is the abbreviation for a single page, for instance, p. 3, and “pp.” is the abbreviation for more than one page, i.e. pp. 2-5, 22, 33, 55, 100.
    • Please note that whereas the words of an author are used or more direct information from an author was applied in the article, it is mandatory to inform page number.

 

In cases where the date of the publication must include the day and month as well as (e.g. for courses, newspaper articles, and interviews), please enter the year of publication in parenthesis followed by period after the author’s name / main reference.  “Day, Month”, should appear at the end of the entry. Note that the format Day, Month format is used, instead of the typically North American variation of Month, Day), as the latter caters more to international usage. For example:

DOE, John(2007). Neuroplasticity is Changing Minds about the Brain, The New Yorker, 6 May, p. 5

There may in some cases be two or more publications referenced by the same author, within the same year. For instance, if John Doe published two works within 2009, and both had in-text citation, the one first listed in the bibliography section would be known as 2009a, and the second as 2009b. This way, proper credit can be given unambiguously to the author for his or her respective works. For example:

DOE, John (2009a). The Endpoint of Consciousness; Scholarly Publications, New York, NY, USA, pp. 22-23.

DOE, John (2009b). The Origins of Consciousness; Journal of Consciousness Studies, Volume 8, Number 4, New York, USA, July

With regard to listing the city of publication if a city is well-known, then only the city should be listed. If the city is not well-known, then it should be followed with the state, province, etc. For example, a publishing house based in London would only need “London” to be listed in the bibliographic reference. Cities like New York, Boston, Rio de Janeiro, London, Lisbon, etc. do not have to be followed up with their respective state or province. If the work were published in Westerly, Rhode Island (or a lesser known place), then it would be referenced in the following way: 

DOE, John(1999).Consciousness and Futurology, Scholarly Publications, Westerly, Rhode Island, USA, pp. 22-23

If a work had many international bibliographic items, then the 2-letter country abbreviation could be added to the reference as well. For instance:

DOE, John(1999). Consciousness and Futurology, Scholarly Publications, Westerly, Rhode Island, USA, pp. 22-23

 

HOW THE GUIDE WORKS

The Bibliography and Citation Guide is divided up into five sections:

  1. Books
  2. Journal Articles
  3. Periodical Articles
  4. Electronic Sources
  5. Video and Audio
  6. Miscellaneous (which includes any bibliographic source that does not fit into the other four categories).

 

The Guide is structured in the following way within each section: 1) the bibliographic reference format for the type of work listed (for instance, a book with one author), 2) an in-text citation sample, and then 3) a bibliographic reference sample.

For films, videos or audio that are referenced in the work, these should be included in the Video/Audio Reference section, which should come after the bibliography.

Composite and compound surnames  

  • Note that when the author’s last name is preceded by prepositions such as de, van, von, De, Van, Von, de la, du, etc., the preposition should appear with last name. For instance, Peter van Dijk would appear as “Van Dijk;” Juan Carlos de Estremadura would appear as “De Estremadura.” 
  • In some rare instances, compound surnames in which the first surname is more relevant (as is the case in some Hispanic cultures) the citation may include both surnames. Thus, Ana Sofia Lopez Perez could appear as “Lopez Perez” if this is the standard used by the author cited.

 

 I.                  BOOKS

 A.    Basic format for a book (one author)

  • Format: LASTNAME, Firstname (year of printing). Book Title, # Edition (if other than the 1st editon), Publishing Company, City, Country, page #(s)
  • In-text citation: (Allen, 2003)
  • Bibliographical example: ALLEN, David(2003). Ready for Anything: 52 Productivity Principles for Work and Life, Viking Penguin, New York,  USA, p. 55

 B.     Two authors or Three Authors

  • Format (for two authors): LASTNAME, Firstname & LASTNAME, Firstname(year of printing).Book Title, # Edition (if other than the 1st edition), Publishing Company, City, State/Province, Country, page #(s)
  • Format (for three authors):  LASTNAME, Firstname, LASTNAME, Firstname, & LASTNAME, Firstname (year of printing).Book Title, Publishing Company, City, State/Province, Country, page #(s)
  • In-text citation: (Ecker & Hulley, 2000)
  • Bibliographical example for two authors: ECKER, Bruce & HULLEY, Laurel (1996). Depth-Oriented Brief Therapy: How to Be Brief When You Were Trained to Be Deep – and Vice Versa, Jossey-Bass, San Francisco, USA, pp. 41-42

 C.    Four or more authors

  • Format: LASTNAME, Firstname, et al. (year of printing). Book Title, # Edition (if other than the 1st edition), Publishing Company, City, State/Province, Country, page #(s)
  • In-text citation: (Laumann et al., 1994)
  • Bibliographical example: LAUMANN, Edward O., et al (1994).The Social Organization of Sexuality: Sexual Practices in the United States, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, USA

 D.    Book with an unknown author

  • Format: PUBLISHING COMPANY (year of printing). Book Title, # Edition (if other than the 1st edition), City, State/Province, Country, page #(s)
  • In-text citation: In Introduction to Parapsychology (1999)…
  • Bibliographical example: PARAPSYCHOLOGY FOUNDATION (1999).  Introduction to Parapsychology, New York, USA, p. 23

 E.     Editor, translator, or compiler instead of author

  • Format:
    • Editor: LASTNAME, Firstname (ed.) (year of printing). Book Title, # Edition (if other than the 1st editon), Publishing Company, City, State/Province, Country, page #(s)
    • Translator: LASTNAME, Firstname (trans.) (year of printing). Book Title, Publishing Company, City, State/Province, Country, page #(s)
    • Compiler: LASTNAME, Firstname (comp.) (year of printing). Book Title, Publishing Company, City, State/Province, Country, page #(s)
  • In-text citation: (Laumann et al., 1994)
  • Bibliographical example: Laumann, Edward O., et al. (eds.) (1994). The Social Organization of Sexuality: Sexual Practices in the United States, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, USA, p. 6

 F.     Editor, translator, or compiler in addition to author

  • Format:
    • Editor: Author’s LASTNAME, Firstname (year of printing). Book Title (editor(s)  Firstname Lastname  & Firstname Lastname), # Edition (if other than the 1st edition), Publishing Company, City, State/Province, Country, page #(s)
    • Translator: LASTNAME, Firstname (year of printing). Book Title (translator Firstname Lastname), # Edition (if other than the 1st edition), Publishing Company, City, State/Province, Country, page #(s)
    • Compiler: LASTNAME, Firstname (year of printing). Book Title (compiler(s)  Firstname Lastname  & Firstname Lastname), # Edition (if other than the 1st edition), Publishing Company, City, State/Province, Country, page #(s)
  • In-text citation: (Augustus, 2008)
  • Bibliographical example: AUGUSTUS, Marcus Aurelius Antoninus (2008). The Essential Marcus Aurelius (tr. Jacob Needleman & John P. Piazza), Tarcher/Penguin, New York, USA, p. 32

 G.    Edition other than the first

  • Format: LASTNAME, Firstname (year of printing). Book Title, # Edition, Publishing Company, City, State/Province, Country, page #(s)
  • In-text citation: (Cialdini, 2001)
  • Bibliographical example: Cialdini, Robert (2001). Influence: Science and Practice, 4th Edition, Allyn & Bacon, Boston,  p. 100

 H.    Untitled volume in a multivolume series

  • Format A (author): LASTNAME, Firstname (year of printing). Series Title, Volume #, Publishing Company, City, State/Province, Country, page #(s)
  • Format B (unknown author): Series Title(year of printing). Volume #, Publishing Company, City, State/Province, Country, page #(s)
  • In-text citation A (author): In The Inner Life …(Leadbeater, 1911)
  • In-text citation B (no author): In The Inner Life, it is asserted that… (Leadbeater, 1911)
  • Bibliographical example: LEADBEATER, Charles W (1911). The Inner Life, Vol. 2, The Theosophical Publishing House, Wheaton, USA, p. 20

 I.       Titled volume in a multivolume series

  • Format: LASTNAME, Firstname (year of printing). Volume Title, Volume # of Series Title, Publishing Company, City, State/Province, Country, page #(s)
  • In-text citation: (Benor, 2001)
  • Bibliographical example: BENOR, Daniel (2001). Spiritual Healing: Scientific Validation of a Healing Revolution, Vol. 1 of Healing Research, Vision Publications, Southfield, MI, pp. 10-11

 J.      Work in an anthology

  • Format: LASTNAME, Firstname (year of printing). Article Title, in Anthology Title,(volume if applicable),editor Firstname Lastname, Publishing Company, City, State/Province, Country, page #(s)
  • In-text citation: (Doe, 2008)
  • Bibliographical example: DOE, John (2008). My First Near-Death Experience, in The Near-Death Experience Anthology,Vol. 1, ed. Jane Doe, International Near Death Study Institute, Miami, USA, pp. 35-37

 K.    Letter in a published collection

  • Format: LASTNAME, Firstname (year of printing).Letter to Firstname Lastname, Day Month Year, Collection Title, (volume if applicable), editor Firstname Lastname, Publishing Company, City, State/Province, Country
  • In-text citation: (James, 1892)
  • Bibliographical example: JAMES, William (1920).Letter o John Dewey, 4 January 1892, The Letters of William James, Vol. 2, ed. Henry James, Atlantic Monthly Press, Boston, USA

 L.     Work in a series

  • Format: LASTNAME, Firstname (year of printing). Work title, Series Title, Publishing Company, City, State/Province, Country, page #(s)
  • In-text citation: (Schoppa, 2000)
  • Bibliographical example: SCHOPPA, Kieth (2000). The Columbia Guide to Modern Chinese History, Columbia Guides to Asian History, Columbia University Press, New York, pp. 256-58

 M.   Excerpt taken from another author’s book

  • Format: LASTNAME, Firstname (year of printing of book from where the information was taken from). In Lastname, Firstname edition of the author it was taken from, Work title of the book it was taken from, # Edition (if other than the 1st edition) (if other than the 1st edition), Publishing Company, City, State/Province, Country, page #(s)
  • In-text citation: (Merkelbach, 1994)
  • Bibliographical example: MERKELBACH, R. "Mithras (1994). In Cavendish, R. ed. Man, Myth, & Magic: The Illustrative Encyclopedia of Mythology, Religion, and the Unknown, Vol. 13, M. Cavendish, New York, USA, pp. 1751-1754

 N.    Encyclopedia / Technical Dictionary

  • Format: ENCYCLOPEDIA/DICTIONARY NAME (Edition #); s.v. [term referenced], Publisher, Country
  • In-text citation: According to the Encyclopaedia Britannica…
  • Bibliographical example: ENCYCLOPAEDIA BRITANNICA (15th ed.). s.v. “evolution.”, Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., Chicago, United States
  • Note: The abbreviation s.v. is for the Latin sub verbo (“under the word”). Encyclopaedias and dictionaries are usually not included in the bibliography, but may be appropriate to cite for technical articles on a specific idea, phenomenon, or neologism.

 

 II.               JOURNAL ARTICLES AND TEXTS

 A.    Article in a journal paginated by volume

  • Format: LASTNAME, Firstname (year of printing). Article Title, Name of Journal, Volume #, Issue #, Publishing organization, City, State/Province, Country, Month/period of issue, page #(s)
  • In-text citation: (Lareo, 2007)
  • Bibliographical example: LAREO, Leonardo R. (2007). Biochemically Inspired Design of a Conscious Device, Journal of Consciousness, IAC – International Academy of Consciousness, Evora, Portugal, Vol. 10, No. 38, October-December, p. 101

 B.     Article in a journal paginated by volume, that constitute conference proceedings

  • Format: LASTNAME, Firstname (year of printing). Article Title, Name of Journal, Volume #, Issue #, Publishing organization, City, State/Province, Country, Month/period of issue, event name, event location, event date, page #(s)
  • In-text citation: (Serrano, 2008)
  • Bibliographical example: SERRANO, Verónica (2008). Validez de la Observación Participante Aplicada a las Dinámicas Parapsíquicas (Validity of Participant Observation applied to Parapsychic Dynamics), Journal of Consciousness, IAC – International Academy of Consciousness, Vol. 11, No. 42, October-December, Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Conscientiological Research, IAC Research Campus, Portugal, 18-19 October 2008, p. 205

 C.    Book review from a journal

  • Format: LASTNAME, Firstname (year of printing). Review Title; Review of Book Title by Author, Name of Journal, Volume #, Issue #, Publishing organization, City, State/Province, Country, Month/period of issue, page #(s)
  • In-text citation: (Doe, 2002)
  • Bibliographical example: DOE, John (2002).Endangered Readings, Review of Education Reform in the United States, by Jane Doe, Journal of Education Studies, Volume 1, Number 1, Miami, FL, USA, July

 D.    Correspondence published in a journal

  • Format: LASTNAME, Firstname (year of printing). To the Editor; correspondence, Name of Journal, Volume #, Issue #, Publishing organization, City, State/Province, Country, Month/period of issue, page #(s)
  • In-text citation: (Ross, 2005)
  • Bibliographical example: ROSS, Michael (2005). To the Editor, Journal of Consciousness, International Academy of Consciousness, London, UK, Vol. 7, No. 28, April-June  

 

  III.           PERIODICALS ARTICLES

 A.    Article in a popular magazine with name of author

  • Format: LASTNAME, Firstname (year of printing). Article Title, Name of Popular Magazine, Country of publication, Day Month, page #(s)
  • In-text citation: (Martin, 2002)
  • Bibliographical example: MARTIN, Steve (2002).Sports-Interview Shocker, New Yorker, USA, 6 May, p. 84

 B.     Article in a popular magazine with unknown author

  • Format: NAME OF MAGAZINE (year of printing). Article Title, Name of Popular Magazine, Country of publication, Day Month, page #(s)
  • In-text citation: According to an article from The Oprah Magazine… (Bundles of Energy, 2011).
  • Bibliographical example: OPRAH MAGAZINE (2011). Bundles of Energy,Live Your Best Life Section, The Oprah Magazine, USA, April, p. 44

 C.    Article in a newspaper with author

  • Format: LASTNAME, Firstname (year of printing). Article Title; Section, Name of Newspaper, State/Province, Country, Day Month
  • In-text citation: (Niederkorn, 2002)
  • Bibliographical example: Niederkorn, William S. (2002).A Scholar Recants on His ‘Shakespeare’ Discovery, Arts Section, New York Times, Midwest Edition, 20 June

 D.    Article in a newspaper without an author

  • Format: NAME OF NEWSPAPER(year of printing). Article Title, Name of Newspaper, Section, State/Province, Country, Day Month
  • In-text citation: According to an editorial from the New York Times… (Earthquake in Pakistan, 2002).
  • Bibliographical example: NEW YORK TIMES (2002). Earthquake in Pakistan.Editorial; Arts Section, New York Times, NY, USA, Midwest Edition, 20 June

 E.     Book review from a newspaper

  • Format: LASTNAME, Firstname (year of printing). Review Title, Review of Book Title by Author, Newspaper or Periodical title, City, State/Province, Country, Day Month
  • In-text citation: (Gorman, 2002)
  • Bibliographical example: GORMAN, James (2002).Endangered Species, Review of The Last American Man, by Elizabeth Gilbert, New York Times, NY, USA, Book Review, 2 June

 

  IV.           ELECTRONIC SOURCES

Note: Full web address should be supplied.Please remove any hyperlinks that are inserted via Microsoft word or other program. Remember to keep a copy of the referenced material for attesting its content. 

 A.    Book published electronically

  • Format: LASTNAME, Firstname (year of printing). Book Title, Publishing Company, City, page #(s), website, accessed day month year
  • In-text citation: (Myers, 1903)
  • Bibliographical example: MYERS, Frederic W.H. (1903).Human Personality and Its Survival of Bodily Death, Vol. 1, Longmans, Green, and Co, London, p. 14, http://www.esalenctr.org/display/hp_ctr.cfm, accessed 13 October 2009

 B.     World Wide Website authored or created by a person

  • Format: LASTNAME, Firstname (year of publication). Title of document; Title of website (or publisher of website if applicable), day month (of publication), website, electronic address, accessed Day Month, Year
  • In-text citation: (Buhlman, 2006)
  • Bibliographical example: BUHLMAN, William (2006). OBE Newsletter, May, 2006, Out-of-body.com, 1 May, website, http://www.out-of-body.com/astral_projection_newsletter/050106.html, accessed 25 October 2009
  • Note. Sometimes the page will not offer a date on which it was last updated. To retrieve this information, type the following command into your web browser’s web address bar and hit enter or return: javascript:alert(document.lastModified)

A java script alert should appear on screen with the date that the site was last modified. If this does not work, it may then be necessary to email the author of the site directly.

  • Important: It is highly advised that authors save and keep a version of the webpage, YouTube video, or electronic document, in their personal files, so that it can be consulted, if needed (in case a dispute arises).

 C.    Email

  • Format: LASTNAME, Firstname (year of message).E-mail message to Firstname Lastname, day month
  • In-text citation: (Doe, 2005)
  • Bibliographical example: DOE, John (2005).E-mailmessage to author, 31 October
  • Note: Please note that the author of the e-mail must authorize its reference/citation. Only messages of an academic/relevant content should be used. E-mail messages may be cited in running text (“In an e-mail message to the author on 31 October, 2005, John Doe revealed . . .”). Only in more formal communication it should be listed in the reference list. The above example shows the more formal version of citing an email.

 

  V.               VIDEO AND AUDIO

 Note: A section under the title of ‘VIDEO REFERENCE,’ ‘AUDIO REFERENCE,’ or ‘VIDEO & AUDIO REFERENCE’ (depending on the case) should appear right after the general Reference section. 

 

A.    Documentary or Film  with a Screenwriter

  • Format: LASTNAME, Firstname (of screenwriter) (year of release). Title of film, media type, Directed by Firstname Lastname, Produced by Firstname Lastname, Production Company, Place of Production
  • In-text citation: (Roth, 2009)
  • Filmography example: ROTH, Eric (1994). Forrest Gump, DVD, Directed by Robert Zemeckis, Produced by Steve Tisch & Wendy Finerman, Paramount Pictures, Hollywood, CA

 B.     Documentary or Film with no Screenwriter

  • Format: Title of film (year of release). media type, Directed by Firstname Lastname, Produced by Firstname Lastname, Production Company, Place of Production
  • In-text citation: (The Ad and the Ego, 2001)
  • Filmography example: The Ad and the Ego (2001). VHS, Directed by Harold Boihem, Parallax Pictures, Inc., Philadelphia, PA 

C.    Video from Youtube, Vimeo, or other internet source

  • Format: LASTNAME, Firstname (year uploaded). Event title or video title, presentation (at school, institution, or venue, if applicable),category of video [course, interview, etc.], location or venue, city, website, Day Month uploaded, date accessed
  • In-text citation: (Campbell, 2012)
  • Bibliographical example: CAMPBELL, Thomas (2012).Tom Campbell in Ireland 11/18/ 2012 Part 1, Presented at Bert House, Athy, County Kildare, IE, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uqkHfLnNiBk, uploaded 6 December, accessed on 8 February 2013

 D.    Television Program

  • Format: LASTNAME, Firstname (of screenwriter) (year of release of program or episode). Title of Show, Season #, Episode #: Episode Title, directed by Firstname Lastname, produced by Firstname Lastname, Production Company, Date initially aired (day month )
  • In-text citation: (Baum, 2009)
  • Filmography example: BAUM, Samuel, BRADY, T.J., & NEWSON, Rasheed (2009). Lie to Me, Season 2, Episode 7: Black Friday; Directed by Elodie Keene & Terrence O’Hara, 20th Century Fox Television, 16 November

 E.     Sound Recording

  • Format: LASTNAME, Firstname or Name of Band or Orchestra (year of recording). Title of song; album title, production company
  • In-text citation: (Doe, 2009)
  • Audiography example: DOE, John(2009). Brilliance, Brilliance the Album, Epic Records
  • Note: Sound recordings can be mentioned informally in the text, and do not have to be cited as bibliographic or audiographic references unless there is some important content within the lyrics of the song that is an idea used in the work.

 F.     Radio Program

  • Format: LASTNAME, Firstname(of show host) (year of air/release). Title of program, Guest speaker: Firstname Lastname; Broadcasting company, Location, Day Month
  • In-text citation: (Doe, 2009)
  • Audiography example: DOE, John (2009).The John Doe Show, Guest speaker: Jane Doe, New Radio, New York, 1 May

 

  VI.           MISCELLANEOUS  

 A.    Unpublished Dissertation or Thesis

  • Format: LASTNAME, Firstname (year of presentation). Title of dissertation or thesis, PhD dissertation, Presented at: Name of University, City, State
  • In-text citation: (Doe, 2009)
  • Bibliographical example: Doe, John (2009). Why the OBE is Important to Survival Research, PhD dissertation, Presented at: Parapsychology University, London

 B.     Personal communication of a paper presented at a meeting or conference; unpublished

  • Format: LASTNAME, Firstname (year of presentation).Verbal communication, title of lecture or paper being presented, presentation (at school, institution, or venue, if applicable), Location, Day Month
  • In-text citation: (Trivellato, 2008)
  • Bibliographical example: TRIVELLATO, Nanci (2008). Verbal communication, Projectarium: Physical, Extraphysical, and Experimental Aspects, presentation at the 4th International Congress of Projectiology, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil, 16-18 August

 C.    Personal communication of paper presented at a meeting or conference; Also published in a Journal

  • Format: LASTNAME, Firstname (year of printing).Article Title, Name of Journal, Volume #, Issue #, Publishing organization, City, State/Province, Month of printing, presentation (at school, institution, or venue, if applicable),Location, Day Month Year
  • In-text citation: (Trivellato, 2008)
  • Bibliographical example: TRIVELLATO, Nanci (2008).Verbal communication, Measurable Attributes of the Vibrational State Technique, Journal of Consciousness, Volume 11, Number 42, IAC Ed., Miami, Fl, October,; Presented at the 2nd International Symposium of Conscientiological Research, Evora Monte, Portugal, 18 October 2008

 D.    Personal communication in an extracurricular course or lecture

  • Format: LASTNAME, Firstname (year of communication). Course title, (or lecture, depending on the case), school, institution, or venue, Location, Day Month
  • In-text citation: (Sereni, 2009)
  • Bibliographical example: SERENI, Gabriel (2008). The History of Parapsychism, course, International Academy of Consciousness, New York, USA, 18 October

 E.     Personal communication in a curricular or modular course

  • Format: LASTNAME, Firstname (year of communication). course title, # Module, # Class, school, institution, or venue, Location, Day Month
  • In-text citation: (Alegretti, 2013)
  • Bibliographical example: ALEGRETTI, Wagner (2013). CDP – Consciousness Development Program, course, 3rd Module, class 3, International Academy of Consciousness, at IAC Campus, Evora Monte, Portugal 17 March

 F.     Interview conducted by oneself

  • Format: LASTNAME, Firstname (year of interview).Interview by author, Interview topic, location, day month
  • In-text citation: Martins states in his interview… (2009) or (Martins, 2009)
  • Bibliographical example: DOE, John (2009).Interview by author, Telepathy,  Los Angeles, CA, USA, 1 April
  • Bibliographical example of online source: MARTINS, Italo (2012). Interview, Campus de Pesquisa IAC e Despertópolis, International Academy of Consciousness, international edition of Consciousness & Science program, website, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zatShdUzbOs, published on 28 August 2012, accessed on 12 November 2012  
  • Note: Normally, an interview would be mentioned directly in the text. In most cases it would not need a parenthetical citation.Ifthe interview was featured somewhere, i.e. on the internet or YouTube, it should be referenced according to the format in which it was accessed as per above (i.e., if the interview appeared on YouTube or elsewhere on the web, this should also be referenced).
  • Important: The author should always keep a copy of the original interview to refer back or present it, if needed.

 G.    Interview conducted by oneself in conjunction with another media

  • Format: LASTNAME, Firstname (year interview). Interview by author, Interview topic, interviewer, media or event type, location, day month
  • In-text citation: Alegretti declares to Alan Steinfeld… (2009) or (Alegretti, 2009)
  • Bibliographical example of online source: ALEGRETTI, Wagner (2009). Interview, Out-of-Body Experience, interviewed by Alan Steinfeld, NewRealities program, website, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mOeXnbPsxCc, published on 22 July 2009, accessed on 20 November 2011 
  • Bibliographical example: DOE, John (2009).Interview by author, Random tests of Telepathy, 10th Parapsychology Conference, Los Angeles, CA, USA, 1 April
  • Note: Normally, an interview would be mentioned directly in the text. Ifthe interview was featured somewhere, i.e. on the internet or YouTube, it should be referenced according to the format in which it was accessed as per above (i.e., if the interview appeared on YouTube or elsewhere on the web, this should also be referenced).
  • Important: The author should always keep a copy of the original interview, especially if taken from the internet, to refer back or present it, if needed.

 H.    Tertulia

  • Format: LASTNAME, Firstname (year of presentation). Title, tertulia #, school, institution, or venue, Location, Day Month
  • In-text citation: (Fernandes, 2013)
  • Bibliographical example for paper/entry presented (preferred source): FERNANDES, Rosania (2013). Migração Proexológica, tertulia 2865, CHSC, Iguassu Falls, Parana, BR, 8 December  
  • Bibliographical example for tertulias accessed from YouTube: FERNANDES, Rosania (2013). Migração Proexológica, tertulia 2865, CHSC, Iguassu Falls, Parana, BR, 8 December, website, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bbQ6w6PftvY, uploaded on 9 December, accessed on 15 March, 2014

 I.       Errata by the periodical

  • Format: PERIODICAL NAME (year of publication of erratum). Article erratum refers to, Lastname, Firstname of author of article, issue #, Vol # where original article was published, publisher, Day and Month of erratum
  • In-text citation: Should only appear when original article is referenced, therefore, erratum should accompany. (Doe, 2007, Scientific American, 2007)
  • Bibliographical example: SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN (2007). Erratum to: A non-existing material, by John Doe, originally published in issue 01 May 2007, Scientific American, 01 June 2007, p. 7
  • Note: For this type of reference, two entries will appear, one for the original work and another for the erratum.

 J.      Editorial by the periodical

  • Format: LASTNAME, Firstname (year of publication). Editorial (or Editor’s foreword, as appropriate).
  • In-text citation: According to JofC Editor Trivellato, Doe’s topic was … (2010)
  • Bibliographical example: TRIVELLATO, Analaura (2010). Editor’s Foreword; Journal of Consciousness, IAC - International Academy of Consciousness, Vol. 12, No. 47, January-March
  • Note: Normally, it would be mentioned directly in the text (in most cases it would not need a parenthetical citation).

 K.    Linguistic or general dictionary

  • Format: DICTIONARY NAME (Edition#). s.v. [term referenced], publisher of printed edition or electronic address; date of access (if online dictionary was consulted) or year of printing (if consulted from a ‘paper or DVD/CD published version’).
  • In-text citation: According to the Oxford Dictionary …
  • Bibliographical example for printed version: OXFORD DICTIONARY (7th ed.). s.v. “evolution”. Oxford Dictionaries, Oxford University Press, United Kingdom
  • Bibliographical example for electronic version: OXFORD DICTIONARY(2011). s.v. “evolution”. Oxford Dictionaries, website, http://oxforddictionaries.com/definition/english/evolution, accessed on 2 January 2011
  • Note: This type of reference should only be used when relevant to bring to light some specific aspect of the meaning of the word. Other than that, this is not necessary or appropriate as this refers to information that any reader can access from a variety of regular dictionaries.